The holistic approach to the production of the built space
Indicative characteristic websites, as well as articles, mainly derived from the framework of "sustainable building":
Bringing in the Social Perspective: User Centred Design (paper, PDF).
"Ekistics", the field of research established by the architect and urban design researcher C. Doxiadis, can be considered as an early holistic investigation of the built space. Within Ekistics the factors that affect the development of the built space are considered as a system, while issues such as morphogenesis through optimization (e.g. effort minimization), interdisciplinary integration of the production methods, achievement of synergies, sustainability, as well as development of structures in different scales, are investigated. This approach was established decades before the particular issues were considered as a mainstream research within the framework of either complex systems or sustainable design.
The holistic approach to the computational design methods
Computer aided design methods, which can be considered within the framework of the holistic approach, are those that support emergent properties as well as the development of design solutions through the simulation of living-world paradigms. Such simulation are usually attempted by means of evolutionary and cellular systems respectively. Another issue, within the holistic approach, concerns the integration of the computational procedures with the other production procedures.
Websites of friends and collaborators who are either directly involved in integrated building systems, or participated in organized discussions on the subject while contributed in the development of this website with comments and suggestions.